Looking at all the new features and highlighting the best of ’em
Hands-On Windows 10 was launched on July 29, 2015, just over 18 months ago, consigning the Windows 8 experiment to history and introducing the idea of “Windows as a service” – or in other words an operating system that (with a few exceptions) updates itself whether you like it or not.
Now here comes the Creators Update, or version 1703, the biggest feature update since the July 2016 Anniversary Update.
So what is new? There is a lot packed into this release, much of it nothing to do with creators. If you have more than 3.5GB RAM, for example, Windows 10 will now use a separate process for each service (background processes), so instead of a list of unlabelled SVCHOST processes in Task Manager, you now get a list showing which service belongs to which process. It is a techie feature that will not matter to most users, but illustrates how Microsoft is constantly fine tuning and mostly improving the guts of Windows.
Services now each have their own process
At the end of this piece we have listed the main new features, which will give you an idea of the scope of this release, and includes features which there is no space to cover in detail. But how is it in practice?
The overall impression, from using “Insider” preview builds over the past few months, is that Windows 10 is gradually becoming more refined, more what it should have been on first release. While the operating system remains something of an odd hybrid, because of the differences between the modern UWP (Universal Windows Platform) applications/settings, and the old-style desktop applications and Control Panel, the difference is becoming less jarring as the UWP platform matures.
That said, there are no fundamental changes here, and annoyances remain. The Windows 10 Start menu, which evolved from Windows 8, remains infuriating in its unreliability when you simply type in a search and expect it to find an installed application; sometimes it does not. The way Microsoft has tied together Start and Cortana is unfortunate; one is a key navigation utility for the operating system, the other a digital personal assistant, and if you do not want the latter it just gets in the way.
There is no fix for issues like the Calculator app appearing absurdly large on desktop displays, and the long-promised OneDrive placeholder feature removed from Windows after version 8.1 remains absent.
Annoyed by ads in File Explorer? Buried in options is a checkbox for “Show sync provider notifications”, and unchecking this should tame them. The obscure name of the option, and its buried location under Advanced Settings, suggests that Microsoft is happy for most users not to find it.
Privacy options are many; good luck navigating through them
Privacy and Windows 10 is a hot topic. By default Windows analyses your speech and typing under the heading “Getting to know you”, sending data to its cloud as it does. This is commonplace in mobile swipe keyboards, but difficult to adjust to on a desktop operating system, particularly if you use keyboard and mouse and get little benefit.
The other side of this coin is the tech industry’s general belief that personalisation is the key to making computers and the internet radically more useful, through both individual customisation, and general learning from aggregated data. Google is the master of this art, but Microsoft is keen to catch up, applying the concept to businesses in Office 365 as well as to individuals in Windows 10. There is no simple opt-out; instead, a huge and intimidating set of options in the Windows 10 Privacy settings.
Microsoft has made a big investment in the Edge browser with this release. The company made a mistake with Edge, pushing it hard in the Windows 10 launch when it was not really usable. Users turned to other browsers, and it will be difficult to win them back.
I have been using Edge as the default browser for some time, and the experience is now pretty good. New in this release is book reader support (Epub and PDF), with a read-aloud option, and a feature called set-aside tabs, which lets you park a set of tabs for future recovery. You can also pin tabs to a top taskbar, collapsed by default, as a kind of visual favourite. Download options now include “Run” for executable files (the initial release did not even have “Save As”). Adobe Flash content will by default prompt you before running.
HTML 5 compatibility is slightly improved. Edge 14 (Anniversary Update) scores 460 in this test whereas Edge 15 (Creators Update) manages 473 out of 555. Edge is behind Chrome 52 (492) but ahead of Firefox 48 (461) and well ahead of Safari (383).
Extension support has been in Edge for a while but with limited take-up. I counted just 23 Edge extensions in the Store at the time of writing. There are a few big names: Amazon, Pinterest, LastPass and AdBlock, for example.
New in this release is Mouse Gestures, a Microsoft extension that lets you control the browser with a quick gesture. Despite the name I had limited success with a mouse, since it requires right-click, which is often used for something else. On The Reg site, for example, it works best if you use the dead space in the margins.
The Edge browser is decent, though it will not be easy to win market share from well-entrenched competitors, particularly Chrome, and compelling Edge-only features are hard to find.
Game Mode in Windows 10 reduces background activity during full-screen game play. It uses similar technology to that in Xbox One. The concept is good, but note that it is more about consistent performance than measurable improvements in frame rate.
Dynamic Lock lets you pair your PC with a device such as a phone, and have it lock automatically if you wander away with your phone but not your PC. It works, taking around 30 seconds to lock the screen, though that is more than enough time for something to take your place at the desk. That seems to override the dynamic lock.
Compact Overlay, or picture in picture, is designed for things like chat applications and allows small always-on-top windows
A new option in the UWP is called Compact Overlay, or picture-in-picture. This lets developers have apps show in a small always-on-top window while you are working in another application. It is intended for things like chat applications, but note that always-on-top can be abused by developers.
The Photos app is improved in this release, with support for ink annotation, a new “Light” theme, and slightly improved editing tools.
Ease-of-access support is upgraded, with an option for mono audio (useful if you have just one earbud in use) as well as built-in Braille narration, when combined with third-party software.
A new Storage Sense option will automatically attempt to free up space when enabled, by deleting temporary files or files that have been in the recycle bin beyond a set time.
Paint 3D is a new application for 3D modelling. Thankfully Microsoft changed its mind about making it the default to replace Paint, but it is a nice freebie for those with the skills to use it.
Windows Defender, the built-in anti-malware tool, is more visible in this release, with an icon in the notification area and a revamped Security Center.
A virtual touchpad for external displays
Tablet users now get an optional virtual touchpad for external displays.
List of new features
- Action center shows download progress for apps
- Auto Numlock when typing a PIN
- Beam Streaming: new FTL streaming protocol, start broadcasts from Game Bar
- Braille support (in Ease of Access settings)
- Compact Overlay mode (“Picture in Picture”) for UWP applications
- Cortana “pick up where you left off” feature
- Custom color accents in color settings
- Download Windows 10 themes from Store
- Dynamic lock: lock PC automatically when paired phone is not connected
- Edge browser: many new features
- Epub support in Edge and Book section in Windows Store
- Game Bar (Windows + G) – quickly record, broadcast or snaphot images from current game
- Game Mode – optimize PC for gaming
- Gaming section in Windows settings
- Improved Hyper-V admin client with zoom and auto-resize options
- Mono audio (in Ease of Access settings)
- More touchpad gestures, eg create or remove virtual desktops
- Narrator improved with form field navigation (Ease of Access)
- New icons for Windows Update and Share
- New inking features including left-handed option
- Night Light option in Display settings
- Option to install apps from Store only
- Paint 3D application
- Photos app: many new features
- PowerShell more prominent eg in Windows-X menu
- Protractor tool in Sketchpad app
- Redesigned camera app
- RegEdit has new Address Bar, for easier navigation
- Separate process for each Windows Service on PCs with enough RAM
- Start menu: show or hide app list
- Storage Sense setting automatically frees space
- Toast notifications support progress bars
- Troubleshooting option in Modern settings
- USB Audio 2.0 native support
- Virtual touchpad for external displays
- Windows Defender new notification icon and security center
- Windows Services for Linux improved, Ubuntu Xenial by default
- Windows update no longer reinstalls removed applications
A worthwhile upgrade
A version of Windows for Creators? That is doubtful, though 3D enthusiasts will welcome its greater visibility in this release, and there are some nice improvements for pen users. But some of the best features of the Creators Update are the most hidden; the improved Windows Subsystem for Linux for developers and power users; services each in their own process; an address bar in RegEdit; Storage Sense for automatically freeing space (though this is off by default), and other small but important changes.
Windows 10 is maturing, and this is a strong upgrade, even though annoyances remain. ®